singing Dooo wah diddy diddy dum diddy dee C (or just scratch strings percussively) She swam fast (she swam fast) she dove deep. (she dove deep) she swam – fast dove deep Hey this dolphin’s pretty neat!! repeat above with the following suggestions: Dolphin-swimming Crab-pinching
whale – breaching
mermaids plug nose and shimmy down Please send in any activities or musical processes that you use with children, adolescents or adults of all ages and abilities. These could be activities for use for kids, adolescents or adults that have autism, adhd, add, down’s / down syndrome, speech language delays, oral-motor issues, physical disabilities, mental health issues, conduct disorder, cerebral palsy and other issues that we human have to contend with. I’m also interested in any activities for people dealing with health issues, dementia, Alzheimer’s, chemical dependency, other addictions, grief, cancer, pain management and any other life issue. I have just installed a “spam” locator which means that I’ll actually get the mail as mail. Please email me at firstname.lastname@example.org and put activity in the subject line. Give yourself (or the author/composer) all the credit you want or remain anonymous. Thank you!! – Margie La Bella at music therapy tunes
Like a gentle butterfly? E
Can you crawl upon the ground Like a beetle that is round? B7 E
Can you move with me?
Can you flip? Can you flop? Can you give a little hop? Can you slither like a snake? Can you give a little shake? Can you dance like a bee who is buzzing in a tree? Can you move with me? Please send in any activities or musical processes that you use with children, adolescents or adults of all ages and abilities. These could be activities for use for kids, adolescents or adults that have autism, adhd, add, down’s / down syndrome, speech language delays, oral-motor issues, physical disabilities, mental health issues, conduct disorder, cerebral palsy and other issues that we human have to contend with. I’m also interested in any activities for people dealing with health issues, dementia, Alzheimer’s, chemical dependency, other addictions, grief, cancer, pain management and any other life issue. I have just installed a “spam” locator which means that I’ll actually get the mail as mail. Please email me at email@example.com and put activity in the subject line. Give yourself (or the author/composer) all the credit you want or remain anonymous. Thank you!! – Margie La Bella at music therapy tunes
My first definition must come straight from the American Music Therapy Association itself: (see musictherapy.org) ….. Ok, I just finished this blog and their definition is all that’s needed. Enjoy.
My translation for today: This means that music therapy is purposeful, client-specific, scientific, and supported by research and data that is used to prove and point out it’s efficacy. The real therapy occurs between two people and not between a person and an electronic listening device. It’s all about the relationship! (The relationship, however, can involve listening and working with recorded music.) This therapist must have attended an approved 4 year music therapy program and had many hours of observation and clinical experience. Many states want to require that music therapists obtain their master’s degree.Music Therapy is an established health profession in which music is used within a therapeutic relationship to address physical, emotional, cognitive, and social needs of individuals.
Music therapists work on goals that are not about music. My simple definition is that music therapy is not teaching about music. It’s teaching and reaching through the tool that is music and music making activities. Goals are about the muscles, feelings, concepts, language use, and how to get along in this world. Too many to name here! (See below.)
After assessing the strengths and needs of each client, the qualified music therapist provides the indicated treatment including creating, singing, moving to, and/or listening to music.
These are some of the tricks of the trade that we use. With my classes, we move in ways to show that we have understood the concepts mentioned through song lyrics, other groups might write fill-in-the-blank songs reflecting their experiences and understanding of things, they may sing out their feelings through songs they identify with, they may listen to music and engage in guided meditation followed by verbal processing of the thoughts and feelings that came up. Too many people have been through very tough times, even by ages 3 and 4. They could also play out those feelings through vocal and/or instrumental improvisation. There are as many possibilities as there are people and situations.Through musical involvement in the therapeutic context, clients’ abilities are strengthened and transferred to other areas of their lives.
For example, a child with emotional difficulties might express anger by drumming or loud singing, and then be able to function with less aggression in the classroom. A student with adhd may learn to attend to and process auditory stimuli better and pay better attention to his teacher. A kid with autism may be able to remember story-songs about social situations that he can apply to real life social situations. A person who had a stroke may be able to walk with a regular step and rhythm after his MT session.Music therapy also provides avenues for communication that can be helpful to those who find it difficult to express themselves in words. Research in music therapy supports its effectiveness in many areas such as: overall physical rehabilitation and facilitating movement, increasing people’s motivation to become engaged in their treatment, providing emotional support for clients and their families, and providing an outlet for expression of feelings.
Music therapy is an active, engaged, participatory activity that allows for expression through words, or not words. DrummING, dancING, movING, singING, playING….. Actions and verbs that show involvement. There is motivation and commitment by both the giver and the receiver. And the best news is that giving and receiving are often a two way street.
Wow: I just looked up other definitions of music therapy and came across this page http://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/music+therapy. LOL. Their definition of MT is so good because it goes back to the AMTA! Full circle! 😀
Here is the entire page from the above link which was originally referenced from musictherapy.org:
Music therapy is a technique of complementary medicine that uses music prescribed in a skilled manner by trained therapists. Programs are designed to help patients overcome physical, emotional, intellectual, and social challenges. Applications range from improving the well being of geriatric patients in nursing homes to lowering the stress level and pain of women in labor. Music therapy is used in many settings, including schools, rehabilitation centers, hospitals, hospice, nursing homes, community centers, and sometimes even in the home.
Music and children
Music and rehabilitation
Music and the elderly
Music and the mentally ill
Music and hospice
Music and labor
Research and general acceptance
In the future I’ll try to offer an explanation of music therapy. Let me start things off by telling you what music therapy is NOT. I’d love to hear from you about what your conversations on the topic entail. I work with young kids, so there is a lot more to say on this topic regarding other populations. After reading this – – what do you think?
1) “Oh, so music soothes the savage beast?” No. Heavy metal probably won’t calm a bucking horse. Bach won’t tame a hungry lion. Carefully selected music specific for a certain effect as chosen by a trained and schooled professional may, however, lower blood pressure, heart beat, galvonic skin response and breath rate among other things . But that’s positive only if you want that response. It may also lower levels of cortisol in your saliva, perception of danger (think anxiety over medical procedures) and pain levels. And specially prepared and selected music may lower levels of anesthesia during surgery and pain medication post surgery.
2) “What about the “Mozart Effect?” Won’t music make by baby smart, immune from sickness, more social, digest it’s food better, sleep better, and require fewer diaper changes? No. What Mozart and other gentle classical music WILL do is provide a more calm and restful, relaxed atmosphere for your baby to progress in an environment more conducive to healthy development. You still need to be a good parent and appropriate music for your baby is wonderful. But having it in the background does not a valedictorian make. (P.S. I guess I haven’t really written about Don Cambell’s work or the tested Mozart Effect. Sorry! I guess they both have to do with putting the brain into a real and beneficial “ready state.” )
Certain classical pieces are played at tempos that “jive” with or make the body “sinc up” with helpful tempos. Different brain waves operate at different tempos/speeds. Your heart, breath and other functions operate best at certain tempos. There is a powerful, measurable human condition by which we tend to sinc up and match with what is going on around us. This phenomenon is called entrainment .Definition: 1.To pull or draw along after itself.2. Chemistry To carry (suspended particles, for example) along in a current. (from the online Free Dictionary, whatever that is.) Entrainment Plays an important role in music therapy. This is why music can have such a positive effect on us – or negative effect. Something to possibly think about.
3) “How nice is that! You must just love it!” It is and I do! But music is a part of our present culture and social climate that is often taken for granted. It’s everywhere. It’s like oxygen.Vital. Imagine today’s society with no music in the grocery store, on computers, phones, movies, advertisements, TV shows, radios, radio ads, computers, plays, games, instruments, social programs, restaurants, bars or offices. It’s so ubiquitous that we forget what it’s actually doing TO US. It is a powerful and significant force! It is just as meaningful as any other type of therapy be it physical therapy, occupational therapy, speech therapy etc. I love that comment because ” It is and I do” but those words open up a door for conversation about what music therapy really is on a deeper level. 🙂
4) All (fill in the blanks) Kids just automatically love and respond so well to music! Well yes, but- what music will have what effect? My job is to figure out which music will have a desired response. Then, some teachers tell me certain kids “don’t like” music. Those children may have sensory systems that desire sameness and get stressed out with different sounds, or loud sounds, or soft sounds. What about high pitches and low pitches? Medium? (I wear cotton in my ears all day bc I can’t tolerate the highs any more.) What about unexpected, unpredictable noises that can happen in a music therapy class with 11 other children? What if the way certain instruments look and play scare them? Ew, what if they don’t want to, or can’t reach out and touch an instrument? So many factors. What if the kids who Love music only want to play certain songs and never others? (Like Happy Birthday…..) What if they space out to music and actually de-focus or get distracted by the combination of sounds. Or can’t tell one sound from another and “tune out?” What if the music brings out the sadness of life events to a child, which is not necessarily a bad thing.
This is where the specifically trained music therapy professional with LOTS of experience and knowledge comes in. My next blog will talk about what music therapy IS and about the training of a music therapist. What do you think about this?? I’m curious.
|Major KEY||How to tell||I||ii||iii||IV||V/V7||Vi|
|C||no #, b||C||Dm||Em||F||G||Am|
On Transposing: (for “non-musicians”)
I transpose a song when the key it is in is too high or low for my purposes – most often too high or low for me or my class to sing along. How do you know what key a song is in? There are at least two ways. Most often the first and last chords in a song are the same as the “key.” You can check this by observing what the most frequently used chord is. This works best for the vast majority of songs. Included in this chart is a column called “how to tell.” You can often identify by counting the numbers of sharps (#) or flats (b) at the very beginning of the song. Of course, you can always use a guitar capo to raise the sound of your music.
HOW TO USE THIS CHART:
Simple. It’s like algebra. Ok- it’s like balancing gold on a scale. If you want the song to balance out even, just add the same thing to each side of the scale. So to go from the key of C to the key of E, just be consistent and add the same amount of half-steps to each side. OR use this chart. Change all the Cs to Es, all the Fs to As, and all the Gs to Bs or B7s (because B7 is much nicer.) Change from one to the other, but be consistent. That’s all there is to it. To go from Am to Em, change all the Ams to Ems, all the E’s to B7s etc.
See, not hard…just keep the balance consistent. Notice that the I, IV, and V chords are in bold. That’s because these chords are very good friends and tend to travel through songs together as a group.
Another reason to transpose is that the chords are too tricky or uncomfortable for you to play. You don’t see many guitar songs written in crazy keys like B, G# or Db. Here are some more common transpositions: Again, play a song in the way that suits your particular needs or those of your group. Not so hard, really.
BY Margie La Bella of Music Therapy Tunes
|from||to||optional capo fret|
|Bb||A , C||1 to make A sound like Bb|
|F||E, G||1 to make E sound like F|
I thought I’d write a post on choosing a key to sing in when facilitating a music therapy experience. This is for student music therapists and new practitioners.
One of my tricks is that I turn my guitar one full step “too low.” I don’t think of letter names, actually, I just perceive my guitar as a step down. But, in reality, rather than EADGBE, my guitar is actually tuned to DGCFAD. After that, I play it on capo 2.
You may think that that negates the tuning. Yes. It does BUT it lets me remove the capo if a song is too high for me to sing comfortably. Singing in a key that you sound pleasant in is significant. And it makes the strings easier to press down on which can be a great side effect/benefit. That’s a guitar playing trick in and of itself if you have a guitar (or fingers) that make pressing on the strings a challenge!
Secondly, use the capo. Capo 2 too low? Raise the capo and sound better in the new raised key. Men and women find it hard to sing in each other’s keys and a capo can really remedy this issue.
Another thing to remember regarding keys is how far away the recipient’s ears are! If a song is too low for you, then you won’t be able to project so the group can hear. If a song is too high and you are in a hospital for an individual session you might hurt that persons ear and come off as yelling to them. Capos can help here by raising the capo and key or taking the capo off and being able to sing a whole step down. This assumes you had tuned your guitar down a step and were utilizing the trick described above. I mean the…. adaptation.
Lastly, using the capo might make you think that pre-tuned melodic instruments would no longer be in the correct key and therefore sound bad. Not necessarily the case. Think about this: with the guitar in G major the pentatonic scale is g,a,b d, and e. What if your song in G is too low to sing. Well, if you sing the song in C major more comfortably ….your pentatonic G scale still contains g,a,c,d, and e. These notes are all much in your C major scale! They will blend in well enough to make the key change worth while. Any dissonant notes can function to resolve nicely in C. Not too bad in D major as well.
Transposing by hand (if ya’ll still do that kind of thing without internet help) is a lot like algebra or chemistry. Didn’t that make you feel better ????! NOT hard: just keep adding or subtracting the same amount of steps from each side of the equation depending on if you want to go up or down. If you’re going from the key of C to the key of D, then just add a whole step to each chord. From G to E would be 3 half steps or 1 1/2 steps down.